Size. HAARP had transmitters that could generate 3.6 MW signals from 2.8-10 MHz and radiate them toward the ionosphere. It was this second wavelength that eventually became dedicated to English-language programming after 6 pm under the slogan of "208 – Your station of the stars", referring to the entertainers heard on the station. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1". Thus, when in 1951 the BBC wanted Vera Lynn, one of its biggest singing stars, to perform more upbeat material than her traditional repertoire, she refused, and signed up to record 42 shows for Luxembourg instead – which, she said, also paid better. At the International Telecommunications Union's conference in Copenhagen 1951, Radio Luxembourg was given permission to introduce the well-known wavelength of 208 meters, corresponding to 1439 kHz with a small change in 1978 to 1440 kHz. The phenomenon was discovered in 1933 by B.D.H. Added Chromecast support to send audio from your cell phone to your smart tv. The digital station continues broadcasting over the Internet. The record programmes, brought to you by each label in turn or by various shampoo and chocolate manufacturers, were very different from the American-style output of the “pirates” but still very cool. The first generation were 1933 – 1966 when most programmes were pre-recorded in London with a skeletal staff of two or three DJs based in Luxembourg. It was briefly available in the UK using DRM (digital broadcasts over shortwave) but the transmitter power was reduced, and by 2008 was not receivable outside Luxembourg itself (essentially, a test transmission). In January 1933 power was increased to 200 kW but it was now on 1185 metres for a number of test broadcasts. Radio Luxembourg's parent company, RTL Group, continued broadcasts to the UK until July 2010 as the owners of the British TV channel Five. This was not made clear to listeners, who were allowed to form the incorrect impression that all the presenters were sitting in the Grand Duchy or, alternatively, that they were indeed in London but performing live via a hypothetical landline to Luxembourg – a landline which in reality the British government was never prepared to permit until well into the 1980s. As a result of this competition, Radio Luxembourg gradually abandoned pre-recorded sponsored programmes for a more flexible continuity. In 1989, hoping to build a new audience, Luxembourg in English once more returned with a daytime schedule for the first time since the early 1950s, but this time it was aimed at Scandinavian audiences using a 24-hour stereo transponder on the Astra 1A satellite to supplement the 208 analogue night-time service. Radio Luxembourg and its English language service had a formative influence on generations of listeners. The stations thus exposed millions of Britons and British companies to commercial broadcasting, which contributed to the creation of the commercial ITV during the 1950s.[3][4]. One spot commercial that became burned into the minds of every Radio Luxembourg listener was for Horace Batchelor's "Infra-Draw Method" of winning money on football pools, turning the previously obscure Bristol suburb of "Keynsham, spelt K-E-Y-N-S-H-A-M" into a household name throughout the country. google_ad_slot = "5806038737"; Branding: Luxembourg's Hitradio! On 1 January 1934 a new international agreement, the "Lucerne Convention (European Wavelength Plan)" (which the Luxembourg government refused to sign), came into effect, and shortly afterwards Radio Luxembourg started a regular schedule of English-language radio transmissions from 8:15 am until midnight on Sundays, and at various times during the rest of the week. The L’essentiel Radio Transmission Tower. The music appealed to youth as something forbidden and listening to it became a social ritual. Eventually all English programming moved to medium wave, with long wave being dedicated to French programmes, while German, Dutch and other languages used medium wave during the daytime. Presenters common to both Atlantic 252 and Radio Luxembourg include Jeff Graham, Cass Jones and Sandy Beech. 80's / Luxembourg ... Luxembourg Frequency: Web . The Survey was conducted during the last quarter of 1982 by British Market Research Bureau for Radio Luxembourg (London) Ltd. By the time the survey appeared, the programme line-up below had changed in various ways, including the untimely death of Barry Alldis in the middle of the survey: Some other presenters in the 1970s and 1980s:Script error: No such module "Unsubst". An overview of the history of Radio Luxembourg, 1933 - 1992. 8.9M. Until the advent of pirate radio in 1964, the evenings-only English-language broadcasts from Radio Luxembourg—208 on the dial and transmitted from the grand duchy—represented the only pop music radio regularly available to British fans. Radio Luxembourg, operating from 1933 to 1992, was the on-air ID of Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Radiodiffusion (CLR), Europe's first commercial radio station. On 6090, the station relayed their 1440 kHz service, which included their English and German language broadcasts. The Beidweiler (Luxembourg) Longwave Transmitter is the high-power broadcasting transmitter for RTL on the longwave frequency 234 kHz. Radio LRB. 4.1 and up. In May 1932 Radio Luxembourg began high powered test transmissions aimed directly at Britain and Ireland. These were some of the shows heard in 1935 as listed in the 3 May edition of Radio Pictorial: On 21 September 1939 the Luxembourg government closed the radio station down to protect the neutrality of the country during World War II. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. When the Allied armed forces vacated the Radio Luxembourg premises at the close of World War II, the English-language service attempted to restart transmissions to the United Kingdom as a full-time commercial radio station using the European long-wave band, once more under the management of Stephen Williams. For example, it would be practically impossible to generate a radio wave of 0.1 Hz with a transmitter. An interesting ionospheric effect was first noticed about 80 years ago, and reported 80 years ago this month in Radio Craft magazine, February 1935. By the middle of 1968, even the two Caroline offshore stations had left the air and, while other attempts were made to restart offshore radio commercial broadcasts aimed at the UK in the early 1970s, Luxembourg did not face commercial competition, only a growing increase in audience share by more BBC services. It broadcast from outside France until 1981, because only public stations had been allowed until then. In the years from 1933 to 1939 the English language service of Radio Luxembourg gained a large audience in Britain, Ireland and many other European countries with sponsored programming aired from noon until midnight on Sundays and at various times during the rest of the week. Updated. [CDATA[ By the start of the 1950s, sponsorship of the English service had begun to grow once more, and while initially some of the English-language programmes continued via Radio Luxembourg I on long wave, a second but less powerful wavelength was opened up as Radio Luxembourg II on medium wave. Your Planet Music. Your email address will not be published. Radio Luxembourg offered its programming free to the British public and obtained their revenue by selling air time to a variety of companies who then sponsored a show. These were shows heard in 1982 as reported in the Radio Luxembourg Research Report (page 20) of 208 listeners. [8], On April 7, 1956 Billboard Magazine reported "WINS Radio made a deal with Harry Alan Towers of the Towers of London, for deejay Alan Freed to do a special taped 1/2 hour rock and roll record show on Saturday nights over Radio Luxembourg, which is beamed to most of the countries of Free Europe....". Category: Top 40. March 1952 advertising for the Dan Dare Monday to Friday serial as it appeared in 208, the programme listing guide to Radio Luxembourg in English. We were waiting at the reception. Specific citations: Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters". The modulation of the interfering signal was superimposed on the other signal without regard to the carrier frequency. , 13a. Tellegen, in Eindhoven, Netherlands, who was listening to a station in Beromunster, Switzerland, on 652 kHz. RTL, now broadcasting in France mostly at 104.3 MHz, was the radio network with the most listeners from 1981 to 2002. These photos provided by Broadcasting Center Europe are from its project to install a new transmitter for L’essentiel Radio, adding a signal at 103.4 MHz for the French-language service in Luxembourg. L'ESSENTIEL DE L'ACTU ET DE LA MUSIQUE. Script error: No such module "Unsubst". 2003, "Radio-Luxembourg, Histoire d'un média privé d'envergure européenne", by David DOMINGUEZ MULLER, L'Harmattan, Paris, 2007. sv:Radio Luxembourg. Founded in 1933 as Radio Luxembourg, the station's name was changed to RTL in 1966. Drama productions, comedy, variety and sports programming disappeared altogether. Programmes were partly live disc-jockey presentations by the team of "resident announcers" from the studios in Luxembourg City, partly shows pre-recorded in the company's UK studios at 38 Hertford Street, London W1. The station had planned to commence regular broadcasts on 4 June 1933, but the complaints caused Radio Luxembourg to keep shifting its wavelength. da:Radio Luxembourg It’s more difficult to generate signals in the Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) region. By restricting the service to night-time, the sales representatives were able to sell most of the available airtime both for spot commercials and for sponsored programmes. //