53 minority groups use spoken languages of their own; 23 have their own written languages. today to jump start your move, and begin the preparations with our free Population and Distribution The Chaoxian minority in China has a population of 1,923,842 (in 2000), mainly living in the Yanbian Chaoxian Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province.Some are widely distributed over Jilin, Heilongjiang, Liaoning Provinces and the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.A small number can be found in some provinces in the central plains. 56 ethnic groups are identified and confirmed by the central government, and there are over 730 thousand of people whose ethnic status haven’t been identified and confirmed. The Chinese term for these ethnic groups is shaoshu minzu, which means literally “minority nationalities”. This stereotype is partially true, as some Mongols do still practice nomadic pastoralism. About 10 million Uyghurs live in China today, mainly working as farmers in rural areas. Although that, the speakers of Bumang are also included in this Dai nationality. People of many different ethnicities are united within China’s borders. Hidden in the tropical mountains of China’s southern border lives one of its most interesting minorities: The Jino nationality. Li people are one of the Lingnan ethnic groups in China, given priority to with agriculture. Even today, monasteries play a key role in Tibetan society. In the 56 ethnic groups, Han nationality is the biggest ethnic group, and other ethnic groups are also called ethnic minorities. Approximately six million Mongols live in China today. The Uyghur ethnic minority has a long history in Xinjiang Province in northwest China. China is home to 56 ethnic groups, all of whom have played a critical role in the development of the various languages spoken in China. The Lisu Ethnic Group of Western Yunnan, China. BThe population only includes mainland China and Taiwan; China is officially composed of 56 ethnic groups (55 minorities plus the dominant Han). The Xibe people are one of the ancient nationalities and one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. 13The same group as Vietnamese or Kinh people in Sino-Vietnamese; Much controversy surrounds the Tibet Autonomous Region, which was formed when the Communists invaded in 1951. It is the homeland of 56 nationalities. The Chinese government officially recognizes 56 Chinese ethnic groups. These languages are geographically defined, and are found in mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Tibet. Most of them live in Yunnan Province in China’s southwest. China officially recognises 56 different ethnic groups, with the billion-plus Han Chinese citizens representing the vast majority at 91.5 per cent of the population. Below, we take a closer look at a few of these different Chinese ethnic groups. The 910,000 Lisu people of China mainly live along the border of Burma in Yunnan Province in southern China. CFor ethnic groups officially recognised in 1964 or earlier, this is the year of first inclusion in the national census, which were in 1954[6] and 1964;[7] Our The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China's vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization regraded as "Chinese culture". The Va people are one of the ancient nationalities and one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic … May 10, 2016 - Explore Noella Rosenthal's board "China - Ethnic Groups", followed by 659 people on Pinterest. The Han people are the largest ethnic group in mainland China. 16A collective name for all Taiwanese aborigine groups in Taiwan. They have not kept their own language and speak mainly Mandarin Chinese. 8Also included are the Mosuo; 4including Amdowa and Khampa, as well as roughly half of Pumi speakers, the remainder of whom are classified as a separate Pumi ethnicity; There are about 12 million Uighurs, mostly Muslim, living in north-western China in the region of Xinjiang, officially known as the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR). Chinese unique and colorful ethnic cultures and customs are the abundant and precious tourist recourses attracting visitors home and abroad. 2Also includes Utsuls of Hainan, descended from Cham refugees; 14Known as Palaung in Myanmar; The westward expansion of this majority Chinese ethnic group has led to sometimes violent clashes with minority ethnic groups. The Hui people are the third largest ethnic minority in China, with circa 10.6 million members. The following are the 56 ethnic groups (listed by population) officially recognized by the People's Republic of China (39 in 1954; 54 by 1964; with the most recent addition the Jino people in 1979). For the rest, the population divides up between some 55 ethnic minorities. They have their own language, but most also speak one of the Chinese dialects. The Hui practice Islam and are descendants of the Turks. Our team of experts is ready to help you find a home abroad, move your household goods, and settle into your new country. The following are the 55 ethnic minorities listed in the alphabetical order: Young Girls of Bai Nationality They are concentrated in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in northwest China as well as in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. A country as big as China is bound to be home to many different ethnic groups and religions. the essential services Ever since the Mongols invaded their homeland in 1253, they ruled their region on behalf of whatever empire controlled the area. The Western image of the Mongols is of horse-riding nomads living in yurts and following herds of sheep or cattle over the grassy plains of central Asia. By the 8th century, the Tibetan Empire was the most feared political power in Asia. Their costumes, festivals, and customs can be unique and colorful and are some of China's unique attractions. In all areas designated as autonomous, the inhabitants have the freedom to deal with their own affairs with the guidance of the Chinese government. There are 56 officially recognized ethnic groups. China Ethnic Groups 1. The Zhuang people have had close ties with the Han Chinese and have supported them for centuries. The Uyghurs accuse the Han Chinese of discrimination and dominating government and economic positions. Unlike the Mongols, Tibetans, and Manchus, the Nakhi people never ruled over a vast territorial empire. [8] Presumably, other members of such groups may have been counted within larger "recognized" groups. The total population of Tibetans in China … The Yi Nationality The Yi Nationality is the sixth largest ethnic group in China. China Ethnic Groups Maps To help you get a general idea about Chinese ethnic minorities and their locations, you could have a look at our China Ethnic Groups Maps . When most people think of China, they just think of Han Chinese culture, as this is the most prevalent. 10Known as Kachin in Myanmar; 18, 2021. China is a multi- ethnic country with 56 nationalities, of which 55 are ethnic minorities. China is a country of immense diversity in terrain, climate, and especially people. See more ideas about people of the world, world cultures, people around the world. All Tibetans use the same written language, but the spoken language has diverged over time into three distinct dialects: Central Tibetan, Khams, and Amdo. Multiple ethnic groups populate China, the area claimed by both the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan). The … These groups are incredibly culturally diverse; fifty-three ethnic groups have their own language and 23 have their own written language. ; As expats, we understand what you need, and offer the Usually, we say that China has 56 ethnic groups, but in fact, China has more ethnic groups. Introdution China is a united multi-ethnic nation of 56 ethnic groups. However, some of the ethnic groups as classified by the PRC government contain, within … As a large united multi-national state, China is composed of 56 ethnic groups. They have their own language, which is distantly related to the Tibetan language. The Hui have adopted many Han customs and a similar style of dress. 55 Ethnic Minorities in China Each of the minority ethnic groups has a distinctive and different character. As more members of the Han Chinese ethnic group, who are usually better off economically, have been moving into the area, resentment among ethnic Tibetans is on the rise. According to the 2010 … The Zhuang Nationality Most Han Chinese speak Mandarin and practice Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. In 2010, 91.51% of the population were classified as Han (~1.2 billion). There are also autonomous prefectures, counties, and townships. Not so many know that the huge population of China is actually composed of 56 ethnic groups (民族 – mín zú). Tibet was the center of a vast empire that existed long before the Mongol Empire. In truth, not everyone who lives in China identifies themselves primarily as “Chinese.” Nowadays, there are nearly four million Tibetans living in China. Ethnic Groups in China Updated: Aug 26,2014 2:51 PM Achang Ethnic Minority: Bai Ethnic Minority: Blang Ethnic Minority: Bonan Ethnic Minority: Bouyei Ethnic Minority: Dai Ethnic Minority: Daur Ethnic Minority: De’ang Ethnic Minority: Dong Ethnic Minority: Dongxiang Ethnic Minority: 15The same group as Nanai on the Russian side of the border; China is a large country noted for its dense population and vast territory. Linguists believe that there are 297 living languages in China today. There are 56 distinct ethnic groups distributed throughout mainland C hina, including five sizable “ autono mous regions ”. Their presence there can be traced back to the Paleolithic Period. Tibetans worry that their rich cultural heritage may be lost as they were ordered to renounce their leader, the Dalai Lama, and conform to Chinese customs. During the Fifth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China (2000), 734,438 persons in the Chinese mainland, 97% of them in Guizhou, were specifically recorded as belonging to "Undistinguished ethnic groups". The Han people are the largest ethnic group in mainland China. The Chinese government has established five autonomous regions within mainland China for various Chinese ethnic groups: Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Guangxi, Ningxia, and Tibet. Hong Kong and Macau are special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China. Dong Ethnic Group in Guizhou Approximately 8.4% of the Chinese population belongs to an ethnic minority group … Advertisement Others are farmers, however, and still others live in big cities and work in office jobs or as doctors, lawyers, etc. [1] Besides the Han Chinese majority, 55 other ethnic (minority) groups are categorized in present China, numbering approximately 105 million people (8%), mostly concentrated in the bordering northwest, north, northeast, south and southwest but with some in central interior areas. Not much has been retained of their own culture, however, their Muslim practices help to keep them culturally distinct from the majority Han Chinese ethnic group. They practice Islam and have maintained their native Uyghur language, although most also learn Chinese in school. In 2010, 91.51% of the population were classified as Han (~1.2 billion). Did you know that there are 56 officially recognised Chinese ethnic groups in China? The Mongol identity can be determined through its members’ common history, language, and religion. China is a multi-ethnic nation. Most people know that China is the world’s most populous country, with over 1.3 billion people. The other 55 ethnic groups make up the minority consisting 8.41% of the total population as per the National Census of 2000. 9Also included are the Qago (木佬人); Although Putonghua, the dialect of Mandarin based on the speech in Beijing, is the official language of mainland China, ethnic languages are also considered official within these autonomous regions. Besides Han Chinese, who make up over 90% of China's population, there are officially 55 minority ethnic groups living in China. This group still only accounts for about 1.3% of the total population, however. Most still speak and write Mongolian and practice Tibetan Buddhism. In China, most of them live in the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, but some members of this Chinese ethnic group can also be found as far south as Yunnan Province. Contact us Make It Easy with Our Home-Finding, Moving, Settling-In, and Other Essential Services. 5Also known as Kam; Instead, they were regionally dominant in the 11th–13th centuries. The different religions practiced in China, from Buddhism to ancestor worship, also add to the country’s diversity. China officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups, including the Han majority. According to him, China's access to more than 80 million health profiles gave the authorities the ability to create dangerous bioweapons capable of destroying specific ethnic groups. Many Uyghurs are descended from people who migrated to the area after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in the 9th century. Although official government policies promote the unity and equality of all Chinese ethnic groups, as well as granting autonomous status to some, ethnic clashes do sometimes erupt and discrimination in China is not uncommon. The major minority ethnic groups in China are Zhuang (16.9 million), Hui (10.5 million), Manchu (10.3 million), Uyghur (10 million), Miao (9.4 million), Yi (8.7 million), Tujia (8.3 million), Tibetan (6.2 million), Mongol (5.9 million), Dong (2.8 million), Buyei (2.8 million), Yao (2.7 million), Bai (1.9 million), Korean (1.8 million), Hani (1.6 million), Li (1.4 million), Kazakh (1.4 million) and Dai (1.2 million). Minority groups such as Europeans (mainly English and Portuguese), and South or Southeast Asians (mainly Filipinos, Indians, Indonesians, Nepalese, and Pakistanis) live in Hong Kong. [4], AGB 3304-91 "Names of ethnicities of China in romanization with codes";[5] The Tibetan emperors invited Buddhist scholars from India and China and the religion took hold there like nowhere else. [3] In addition, there are also unrecognized ethnic groups, for example: Chuanqing people (穿青人), and others, who comprise over 730,000 people. Chinese Ethnic Groups The majority of people in China belong to an ethnic group the Chinese state calls Han. 12Actually not Tajik people but Pamiri people; However, China’s many ethnic minorities all have their own unique culture, customs, dress etc. [2] At least 126,000 people from Canada, the US and Europe are living in Mainland China. By the 18th century, the Qing Dynasty had formed the largest, richest, and most powerful empire in Asia, if not the entire world. Present-day Mongols are descended from the forces of this vast empire. 1Also included are the Chuanqing; By GavinUpdated Mar. There have been several unsuccessful protests for independence since then. Although the empire lasted until 1911, by then the Manchu language had been almost entirely replaced by Mandarin. In 1644, the Manchus conquered the Ming Dynasty, establishing the Qing Dynasty in its wake. The defining elements of an ethnic group are language, homeland, and social values. 6Also included are the Sangkong; China is a large country with 55 ethnic minorities and the ethnic culture in China is an important part of the entire Chinese culture, which boasts its own national characteristics created and developed in the historical development of each ethnic minorities, including material culture such as food, clothing, housing and spiritual culture like language, literature, art, etc. There are also autonomous prefectures, counties, and townships. Asia - Asia - Ethnic groups: The two primary prehistoric centres from which migrations of modern human populations over the continent took place were Southwest Asia and a region comprising the Mongolian plateaus and North China. There are 55 minority groups in addition to the Han who represent 92% of the population. In fact, the numbers of Gaoshan in census covers only those who lives in Mainland China (mainly in Fujian) and consists of Amis (autonym : Pangcah), Paiwan and Bunun peoples. Organizing an international relocation is not something you should do on your own. The ethnic Chinese, known as the Han Chinese, compose 92 percent of the population. Multiple ethnic groups populate China, the area claimed by both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China ().. As the majority (91.6 percent) of the population is of the Han ethnic group, China's other 55 ethnic groups are customarily referred to as ethnic minorities. This is a list of ethnic groups in China that are not officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. There are slightly more than 300,000 members of the Nakhi Chinese ethnic group living in China today. The Chinese government has established five autonomous regions within mainland China for various Chinese ethnic groups: Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Guangxi, Ningxia, and Tibet. to help you move and live abroad easily. For example, they do not consume pork, which is otherwise the most commonly eaten meat in mainstream Chinese cuisine. This has resulted in the loss of much of the Manchu’s cultural history. The term Gaoshan has a different connotation in Taiwan than it does in mainland China. Essential ServicesMake Relocating Easy for You. The smallest group is the Hezhen, living in … Han Chinese speak seven languages, with Mandarin or Putonghua - which means "common speech" -- being … When you check the ethnic maps, you’ll know the ethnic minorities mainly located in Southwest China, West China, Northwest China and North China in Yunnan , Guizhou , Guangxi, Tibet , Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia etc. relocation checklist. The largest is the Han Chinese, numbering 900 million, who reside in every region of the country. The vast majority of Chinese people (circa 92%) belong to the Han Chinese ethnic group. This discontent has sometimes erupted into violent clashes. Although there are circa 10.4 million Manchus in China today, only about 50 speak the Manchu language. Yunnan Province has the most varied ethnic make-up, with representatives of 25 different groups. Ethnic Groups of China. One of their most distinctive cultural features is dongba, a unique form of picture writing used by their religious leaders to record central stories and myths. Among them Han Chinese account for 91.59% of the overall Chinese population and the 55 minority ethnic groups are distributed extensively throughout different regions of China. The number of members of the Han Chinese ethnic group living in Xinjiang Province has grown to almost equal that of the Uyghurs over the past decades. 11Also included are the Then; Han Chinese can be found in every province and region in China, but the majority live in eastern China. More than 9 in every ten residents of the Republic of China are Han Chinese. The Li people are one of the ancient nationalities and one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by China’s government. With almost 17 million members, the Zhuang are one of the most populous Chinese ethnic groups after the Han Chinese. It even succeeded in capturing the capital of China at the time and holding it for a short period. The name is derived from the longest-ruling empire in Chinese history, the Han Dynasty (206 BC–200 AD). Chinese Ethnic Groups – Han Chinese and 55 Minorities. The ethnic group has a 91.59% of the overall Chinese population descent. From the Han Chinese to the Mongols, Nakhi, and Zhuang, all the various Chinese ethnic groups have made their own contribution to China’s culture today. The Manchu Chinese ethnic group provides us with a cautionary tale as to the importance of language in preserving a people’s heritage. Chinese Ethnic Groups China is a multinational country. China serves as home to 56 official ethnic groups. China's 56 Ethnic Groups China officially registers 56 ethnic groups. China Ethnic Groups According to the population, the major ethnic groups are Zhuang, Uyghur, Hui, Manchu, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh and Dai. The 56 ethnic groups have a comparably big population, some ethnic groups not in the 56 ethnic groups have a very small population. 3A subset of which is also known as Hmong (Thus, Hmong peoples worldwide are NOT only Miao); The People's Republic of China government officially refers to all Taiwanese Aborigines (Chinese: 原住民族; pinyin: Yuánzhùmínzú), as Gaoshan (Chinese: 高山族; pinyin: Gāoshānzú), whereas the Republic of China (Taiwan) recognizes 16 groups of Taiwanese aborigines. Xibe people are a Tungusic ethnic group which is very good at riding and toxophily.Population190,481(2010)Main Areas Inhabi... Va Ethnic Group. 7This category includes several different Tai-speaking groups historically referred to as Bai-yi [in fact, the Dai nationalities are actually speakers of Shan languages varieties -for example : Tai Lue and Tai Nuea peoples are actually Shan peoples subgroups]. The majorit… Tibetans Tibetan is one of the minorities in China. Making up 20% of the world population, it is also the largest ethnic group in the world. In the 13th century, Kublai Khan established the largest land-based empire in the world. Ethnic groups do not live in only one place, and they are in all over the China. Today, the Nakhi mostly live in high mountains valleys and the foothills of the Himalayan plateau and work as farmers. 省、自治区、直辖市分性别、民族的人口, Map share of dominate ethnic by county of China, China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit, Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia, China–Japan–Korea Friendship Athletic Meeting, Association of East Asian Research Universities, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_ethnic_groups_in_China&oldid=1009797162, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 March 2021, at 10:06. As the majority of the population belongs to the Han ethnic group, China's other 55 ethnic groups are customarily referred to as the national minorities. For the ethnic groups in historical China, see, Ethnic groups recognized by the People's Republic of China, Fifth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, "Han Chinese proportion in China's population drops: census data (2011-04-28)", http://www.beijingrelocation.com/blog/expats-in-china-nationalities-and-in-which-cities-they-settle/, Names of nationalities of China in romanization with codes, First National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, Second National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, 第五次人口普查数据(2000年). The large majority of the Zhuang people live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. 表1—6. The governments of Hong Kong and Macau do not use the official PRC ethnic classification system, nor does the PRC's official classification system take ethnic groups in Hong Kong and Macau into account. Need to move abroad?