"[149] A six-month investigation by Reuters has said that Khamenei controls a "financial empire" worth approximately US$95 billion that is not overseen by the Iranian Parliament, a figure much larger than the estimated wealth of the late Shah of Iran. He also asks the Muslims to be aware of what he considers "the conspiracy of the enemies" by having a right comprehension, and advises them to "not be deceived by them". According to the Associate Press it is unlikely the letter's demands would be met as "two-thirds of the 86-member assembly are considered strong loyalists of Khamenei and would oppose" any investigation of him. According to Karim Sadjadpour of the American Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, several factors have strengthened Khamenei in recent years: (1) A vast network of commissars stationed in strategic posts throughout government bureaucracies, dedicated to enforcing his authority; (2) the weak, conservative-dominated parliament, headed by Khamenei loyalist Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel (whose daughter is married to the Leader's son); (3) the rapidly rising political and economic influence of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards, whose top leaders are directly appointed by Khamenei and have always been publicly deferential to him; (4) the political disengagement of Iran's young population ...; and (5) most significant[ly], the 2005 presidential election, which saw hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad trounce Khamenei's chief rival ... Hashemi Rafsanjani ...[83], According to Christopher Dickey, in order to consolidate his power base, Khamenei has developed close relations with the security and military establishment, while also expanding the bureaucracy inside the government and around his Beit Rahbari compound. [295] Later, in "Islamic Awakening conferences" which were held in Tehran, Khamenei praised the Muslim youths of Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Yemen and Bahrain for what he described as Islamic awakening. According to Rafsanjani, he and Khamenei were against the proposal while Ayatollah Haeri Shirazi and Ayatollah Ebrahim Amini were in favor of it. [249], Critics have accused Khamenei of overseeing the assassination of as many as 160 exiled defectors worldwide, the heavy handed repression of protesters, the killings of tens of thousands of members of the M.E.K. "[161], In 2012, Khamenei ordered a halt to a parliamentary inquiry into Ahmadinejad's mishandling of the Iranian economy. [270], In 2009, Iranian blogger Omid Reza Mir Sayafi who was arrested for insulting Khamenei in an internet post, died while in custody in Evin Prison. [196], U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo criticized Khamenei for his refusal to condemn the Xinjiang re-education camps and human rights abuses against the Uyghur Muslim minority in China. [39][40][268], In 1996, Abbas Maroufi was sentenced to 35 lashes and 6 months imprisonment for spreading lies and insulting Khamenei. [90][91] Khamenei meets with foreign dignitaries, however he does not travel overseas; if anyone wishes to see him, that person must travel to Iran. [83] After the election, and until recently, Khamenei was outspoken in his support for Ahmadinejad, and "defended him publicly in ways which he never" had reformist president Khatami. TEHRAN, IRAN – JUNE 19: A pro-government demonstrator holds aloft a picture of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei at Tehran University, on June 19, 2009 in Tehran, Iran. Khamenei was reelected in 1985 Iranian presidential election where only three candidates were approved by the Council of Guardians, receiving 87% of the votes. According to Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Khamenei was the man Khomeini had chosen as his successor before dying. [25][26] He is the head of state of Iran, the commander-in-chief of its armed forces, and can issue decrees and make the final decisions on the main policies of the government in many fields such as economy, the environment, foreign policy, and national planning in Iran. [96][97][98] Khamenei made protestations of his unworthiness -- "my nomination should make us all cry tears of blood"[65] and debated with the mujtahids of the Assembly[99]—but eventually accepted the post. [58] Another son, Masoud, is married to the daughter of Mohsen Kharazi. He also went to the battlefield as a representative of the defense commission of the parliament. [153], According to The New York Times reporting in mid-August 2009, a "prominent Iranian cleric and a former lawmaker said on Sunday that they had spoken to some of the authors and had no doubt the letter was genuine". [92], In 1989 Ayatollah Khomeini dismissed Ayatollah Montazeri as his political successor, giving the position to Khamenei instead. Recent rumours about the health of Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, have thrown the spotlight on what will happen if he becomes too ill to rule, or dies. ii) Previous council type organizations such as broadcasting council and supreme judicial council were not successful in practice and leadership council would not do well for similar reasons. It is banned in Iran and several other countries. [167][168][169][170][171], Khamenei is regarded by some as the figurehead of the country's conservative establishment. "[101] In a video that surfaced during the 2017–18 Iranian protests, Khamenei is seen before the assembly saying he was not religiously qualified to be Supreme leader. The President of Iran is responsible for signing if treaties, agreements with other countries, international organizations etc. [202] Khamenei stated that he support sending mediators rather than bombing the country. [141] A part of his last message (6 August 2019) is as follows: The ritual of Bara’ah which means refusing every instance of mercilessness, cruelty, wrongdoing and corruption of the tyrants of any time, and rising against intimidation and extortion by the arrogant throughout history, is one of the great blessings of Hajj, and an opportunity for oppressed Muslim nations. Years ago, we freed ourselves from these things. [136] Gareth Porter believes that the fatwa is "sincere"[137] and Gholam-Hossein Elham commented that it will not change.[138]. Are you looking for never-ending fun in this exciting logic-brain app? Their sentences have included lashing and jail time, and some of them have died in custody. "[278], In 1999, Khamenei issued a fatwa stating that it was permitted to use a third-party (donor sperm, ova or surrogacy) in fertility treatments. This Les Misérables is a book of sociology, a book of history, a book of criticism, a divine book, a book of love and feeling.[290]. "[194] His foreign policy is said to steer a course that avoids either confrontation or accommodation with the West. Intelligence sources have also said his family has extensive international business interests. At the top of Iran's power structure is the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who succeeded Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the father of the Iranian Revolution, upon Khomeini's death in 1989. Here are all the Supreme leader of Iran in 2016 Ali __ answers. Despite Nuke Deal", "Nuclear deal will not change Iran's relations with U.S.: supreme leader", "Ayatollah says nuclear deal will not change Iran's relations with U.S.", "Iran nuclear: Ayatollah Khamenei chastises 'arrogant' US", "Iran nuclear deal: Ayatollah Khamenei says hostile policies towards 'arrogant' America will not change", "Coronavirus: Iran's leader suggests US cooked up 'special version' of virus to target country", BBC News, Middle East, Iran condemns attacks on US, "Tehran's Genocidal Incitement against Israel", Khamenei: 'Tumor' of Israel is world's biggest problem, Iranian Leader: Israel A "Cancerous Tumor", Israel a ‘cancerous tumor’ and Middle East’s biggest problem, Iranian supreme leader says, "Kerry Calls Khamenei's 'Rabid Dog' Comment 'Inflammatory, "Iran leader calls Israel 'rabid dog', urges arms for Palestinians", "The secret behind Leader's interpretations about the Zionist regime/ A rabid dog holding the reins of his supporters", "Khamenei on Twitter: No cure for barbaric Israeli regime but to be annihilated. 13876 for being a person appointed by the Supreme Leader to a position as the head of any entity located in Iran. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said on Sunday that the US must lift all sanctions against Iran before Tehran returns to the 2015 nuclear deal.. [11], In the field of music, he is known to have a good singing voice and plays the tar, a traditional Iranian stringed instrument.[294]. Supporters of the council proposal believed that having a council would produce a higher degree of unity in society and more positive characteristics would be found in a council, while the opposers believed that an individual leader was more efficient according to the past experiences in case of Judiciary council. [207][214], In March 2020, Khamenei warned against a United States offer of aid to fight the coronavirus disease on the grounds that it could be a way to hurt Iran by further spreading the disease. [173][174] In 2007, Iranian police under the direction of Khamenei launched a "Public Security Plan", arresting dozens of "thugs" to increase public security. Khamenei, who was ranked as a Hujjat al-Islam and not a Marja' as required by the Iranian constitution, said he would only be a "ceremonial leader", and was reassured by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani the position would be "temporary" until a referendum, apparently planned for one year later. [159] On 6 May 2011, it was reported that Ahmadinejad had been given an ultimatum to accept the leader's intervention or resign,[163] and on 8 May he "apparently bowed" to the reinstatement, welcoming back Moslehi to a cabinet meeting. [190], Ali Khamenei has been supportive of scientific progress in Iran. [284] Khamenei also believes that gender equality is a Zionist plot with the purpose to "corrupt the role of women in society". Maroufi was also banned from working as a journalist and his literary monthly Gardoon was closed. [271], In 2010, opposition activist Ahmad Gabel was sentenced to 20 months in jail for insulting Khamenei, as well as 3 additional years for possessing a satellite receiver, a 3-year exile and a fine. [187] In particular, he singled out Britain, perceiving the country as the "most evil" of its enemies. The table below lists some of the incumbent senior officeholders in Iran directly appointed by the supreme leader (sorted by date of appointment): In 2010, Khamenei issued a fatwa which bans any insult to the Sahabah (companions of Muhammad) as well as Muhammad's wives. [128] It's been widely discussed by international officials and specifically recognized by the US administration. [288] He praised the works of Mikhail Sholokhov, Alexei Tolstoy,[289] Honoré de Balzac, and Michel Zévaco. [86] Iranian officials, however, have categorically denied their involvement. [198] According to study by Karim Sadjadpour, speeches by Khamenei regularly mention the principle of resolute opposition to the United States;[83] and according to Karim Sadjadpour he has "resisted Rafsanjani's attempts to find a modus vivendi with the United States",[83] and once told reformist president Mohammad Khatami that "we need the United States as an enemy".[65]. Article 44 had decreed that Iran's core infrastructure should remain state-run. The Islamic Republic of Iran has a unique political system. Can you imagine a bigger insult to women? "Otherwise, the potentials and capabilities of the nations will go to waste in the face of vain struggles, which would provide opportunities for the Zionist regime to become even stronger," he added. He also revealed plans of gradual sell-off of Setad profitable businesses in the stock market with the aim of transferring their ownership into the hands of Iranian people. [273], In 2017, Sina Dehghan was sentenced to death for insulting the prophet, with an additional 16-month sentence for insulting Khamenei in a messaging application.[274]. Subsequently, the conservatives won about 70 percent of parliamentary seats. [41], Muhammad Sahimi claims that his political career began after the Iranian Revolution, when the former President of Iran, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, then a confidant of Khomeini, brought Khamenei into Khomeini's inner circle. [124], Khamenei is one of the Ulama signatories of the Amman Message, which gives a broad foundation for defining Muslim orthodoxy. [191][192] In 2004, Khamenei said that the country's progress is dependent on investment in the field of science and technology. "Castro to Ayatollah Khamenei: "Why did you shake with your left hand instead of right? He was "fascinated by Jean-Paul Sartre and Bertrand Russell" in his youth. [236] For the first time, the remark was published in Khamenei's official website and his Twitter. "[186] In a public appearance on 19 June he expresses his support for the declared winner Ahmadinejad and accused foreign powers—including Britain, Israel and the United States—of helping foment protest against the election results. [264][265] According to the Iran's Press Law "spreading rumors and lies and distorts the words of others" is not allowed. [50][51][52] Khamenei's great ancestor was Sayyid Hossein Tafreshi, a descendant of the Aftasi Sayyids, whose lineage supposedly reached to Sultan ul-Ulama Ahmad, known as Sultan Sayyid, a grandchild of Shia fourth Imam, Ali ibn Husayn. Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei[6] (Persian: سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای‎, pronounced [ʔæˈliː hosejˈniː xɒːmeneˈʔiː] (listen); born 19 April 1939)[14][15] is a Twelver Shia Marja' and the second and current supreme leader of Iran, in office since 1989. In 1981, after the assassination of Mohammad-Ali Rajai, Khamenei was elected President of Iran by a landslide vote (97%) in the October 1981 Iranian presidential election in which only four candidates were approved by the Council of Guardians. Maroufi had compared Khamenei to former Shah of Iran Mohammed Reza Pahlavi. "[126], Khamenei has reportedly issued a fatwa saying the production, stockpiling, and use of nuclear weapons was forbidden under Islam. [164] The events have been said to have "humiliated and weakened" Ahmadinejad, though the president denied that there had been any rift between the two,[160] and according to the semiofficial Fars News Agency, he stated that his relationship with the supreme leader "is that of a father and a son. Khamenei made these comments two days after Iranian women's rights activist Delaram Ali was sentenced to 34 months of jail and 10 lashes by Iran's judiciary. This book still lives after almost 200 years,[290], Khamenei is fluent in Arabic in addition to his native languages, Persian and Azerbaijani. In reaction to the letter, some Parliament members voiced outrage and threatened to resign. [22][23] Khamenei served as the third President of Iran from 1981 to 1989, while becoming a close ally of the first Supreme Leader, Ruhollah Khomeini. a video of Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei recorded in 1989 emerged on social media. E/CN.4/1993/41, Commission on Human Rights, 49th session, 28 January 1993, Final report on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran by the Special Representative of the Commission on Human Rights, Mr. Reynaldo Galindo Pohl, paragraph 310. [87] The accused assassins, Darabi and Rhayel, were finally released from prison on 10 December 2007 and deported back to their home countries. UN Doc. The Revolutionary Guards have been deployed to suppress opposition to him. Various lists were proposed and Khamenei was named in all of them. On 4 June 2006, Khamenei said that Iran would disrupt energy shipments from the Persian Gulf region (about 20% of the world's daily supply of oil passes from the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz very close to Iran's coast)[199] should the country come under attack from the US, insisting that Tehran will not give up its right to produce nuclear fuel. [107][108][109][110][111] Khamenei has also fired and reinstated Presidential cabinet appointments. [280], In 2002, after protests erupted in the capital, Khamenei intervened against the death sentence given to Hashem Aghajari for arguing that Muslims should re-interpret Islam rather than blindly follow leaders. In 2000, Ali Khamenei sent a letter to the Iranian parliament forbidding the legislature from debating a revision of the Iranian press law. "[275] His use of "extra-legislative power" has been criticized by reformists and opposition groups. Khamenei was a key figure in the Iranian Revolution in Iran and a close confidant of Ruhollah Khomeini. "[208][209][210][211][212][213] U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said that if the comments reflected policy, it was "very disturbing", and "very troubling". [74], Khomeini appointed Khamenei to the post of Tehran's Friday prayers Imam in 1980, after resignation of Hussein-Ali Montazeri from the post. Khamenei issued a statement declaring that "enemies of the Islamic system fabricated various rumors about death and health to demoralize the Iranian nation", but according to author Hooman Majd, he appeared to be "visibly weak" in photos released with the statement. [41][42][43] Two of his brothers are also clerics; his younger brother, Hadi Khamenei, is a newspaper editor and cleric. Iran says U.S. sanctions against its supreme leader signal 'permanent closure' of diplomacy Trump's new Iran sanctions are part of a 'high risk' strategy that could lead a … He has attacked Western powers who have criticized the rights record of the Islamic Republic for hypocrisy saying that these countries economically oppress people in Third World countries and support despots and dictators. Sayyid Ali Khamenei annually issues message(s) on the occasion of Hajj for all Muslims (pilgrims) in Hajj. In his presidential inaugural address Khamenei vowed to eliminate "deviation, liberalism, and American-influenced leftists". Around 500 people are employed at this "Beit Rahbari compound" according to The Telegraph, "many recruited from the military and security services". [224] In 2014, a tweet from an account attributed to Khamenei, claimed that there was no cure for Israel but its annihilation. [201], Khamenei criticized the NATO-led military intervention in Libya. "[235], On 10 September 2015, in a speech about Israel after agreement on the nuclear program of Iran, Khamenei made a remark "Israel will not exist in 25 years". Khamenei has stated that "poetry must be the vanguard of the caravan of the [Islamic] revolution... [T]hrough the arts and literature, the revolution can be exported in an easier and more honest way.”[287] It has been suggested (by Dexter Filkins) that this might explain his interest in banning books, prohibiting newspapers and imprisoning artists. [154] The letters were called a blow to Khamenei's "status as a neutral arbiter and Islamic figurehead"[154] and an "unprecedented challenge to the country's most powerful man"[153] though not a blow to his actual power as leader. [158] However, as early as January 2008 signs of disagreement between the two men developed over domestic policies,[155] and by the period of 2010–11 several sources detected a "growing rift" between them. Khamenei said in regards to the 2015 nuclear deal that "Even after this deal our policy towards the arrogant U.S. will not change. [61][62][63], According to Mehdi Khalaji, an Iran expert at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Khamenei has a decent life "without it being luxurious". According to the Reuters investigation, Khamenei uses the assets of a company called Headquarters for Executing the Order of the Imam or "Setad" in Farsi, in order to increase his grip on power. The draft bill is not legitimate and in the interests of the system and the revolution. Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei welcomed the Iranian New Year as one of "production, support and removal of barriers" in a live televised speech on Saturday. After the first prayer, he began to give a lecture to worshipers who had written their questions on a piece of paper. Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei recently issued a new fatwa declaring that women in cartoons and animated films must wear the hijab, according to a … "[151], Despite the negative accounts of Western sources, Iranian official sources depict Setad as a vast charity foundation. "[254], During the Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 protests, thousands of protesters demanded Ayatollah Ali Khamenei's resignation.[255]. ", "انتصاب آیت‌الله خامنه‌ای به عنوان رئیس خدمه‌ی آستان قدس رضوی", "Profile: Iran's 'unremarkable' supreme leader Khamenei", "Iran's Khamenei hits out at Rafsanjani in rare public rebuke", "Khamenei says Iran must go green – Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East", "Exclusive: Iran pursues ballistic missile work, complicating nuclear talks", "IranWire – Asking for a Miracle: Khamenei's Economic Plan", "Khamenei outlines 14-point plan to increase population", "Iran: Executive, legislative branch officials endorse privatization plan", "Rafsanjani breaks taboo over selection of Iran's next supreme leader", "Iran reverses ban on reformist candidates", "The Basij Mostazafan – A culture of martyrdom and death", "Khamenei was the victim of an attempted assassination", "Police Are Said to Have Killed 10 in Iran Protests", "Several killed, 300 arrested in Tehran protests", "The Office of the Leader, Seyyed Ali Khamenei", "Iran and the Caucasus: The Triumph of Pragmatism over Ideology – Centre for World Dialogue", "Azeris unhappy at being the butt of national jokes", "ShiaOnline.ir – شیعه آنلاین – نگاهی اجمالی به شجره نامه آیت الله خامنه ای", "Historic Personalities of Iran: Seyed Ali Khamenei", "Imposing Sanctions With Respect to Iran", Knowing the sons of Iran’s supreme leader, Seyyed Masoud Khamenei, beside his father-in-law (Seyyed Mohsen Kharazi) – Portrait, Seyyed Masoud Khamenei, with his father-in-law --Seyyed Mohasen Kharazi, "Ayatollah Ali Khamenei controls £60 billion financial empire, report says", "Mojtaba Khamenei: gatekeeper to Iran's supreme leader", "Yazdi Released; Mousavi, Karroubi Children Write Letter to Nation", "Iran's Ayatollah Khamenei loves caviar and vulgar jokes, defector claims", "Profile: Iran's 'unremarkable' supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei", Iran’s Top Leader Undergoes Prostate Surgery, "Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has prostate surgery", "Meet 'The Decider' of Tehran. Khamenei is the longest serving head of state in the Middle East, as well as the second-longest serving Iranian leader of the last century, after Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. “There is good ground for a production leap,” Khamenei said, adding that the government needed to get rid of any legal obstacles to production and growth. [16][17] He was previously President of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ii) In case of council of leaders, the members could compensate each other, if any of them had some shortage in a field.[94]. After a minute the loud speaker's sound become like whistle and suddenly the tape recorder exploded. Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei meets with organizers of events to mark the first anniversary of the killing of Iran's top commander Qassem Soleimani, in Tehran, Iran December 16, 2020. [239], On 21 February, at the 6th International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Intifada, Khamenei regarded withdrawal of Israel from south Lebanon in 2000 and from Gaza in 2005 as two major achievements so far. [206], On 19 July 2015, while speaking at a mosque in Tehran, Khamenei said to his supporters that the policies of the United States in the region were "180 degrees" opposed to Iran's political and religious movement. He explained: I've read The Divine Comedy. [33] There have been also instances when the Guardian Council reversed its ban on particular people after being ordered to do so by Khamenei.[34]. [54], On 24 June 2019, the United States imposed sanctions on Khamenei with the signing of Executive Order 13876.[55]. [57] His eldest son, Mostafa, is married to a daughter of Azizollah Khoshvaght. Shortly before his death, Khomeini had a disagreement with the heir he had chosen — Hussein Ali Montazeri — so there was no agreed on successor when Khomeini died. [197], The United States and Iran have had no formal diplomatic relations since the Iran hostage crisis of 1980 when US embassy was taken over and US diplomats were taken prisoner. [56] One of his sons, Mojtaba, married a daughter of Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel. Then, he went to Najaf in 1957,[53] but soon returned to Mashhad due to his father's unwillingness to let him stay there. That is why the country has a sitting president and a Supreme Leader … He cited construction of several hundred schools, mosques and hussainiyas, as well as direct and indirect contribution to formation of over 350 thousands jobs expecting a total of 700 thousands for the upcoming three years. ", "Is the fatwa banning production of nuclear weapons a 'political taqiya'? [94], Ebrahim Amini listed the summary of reasons presented by the two sides. Ruhollah Khomeini had originally wanted to keep clerics out of the presidency but later changed his views. [216] He is quoted as saying, "Mass killings of human beings are catastrophic acts which are condemned wherever they may happen and whoever the perpetrators and the victims may be. He continually invites all Muslims to Tawhid, and afterwards expresses concerning the significance of Hajj in spiritual/social life. [160] Conservative opponents in parliament launched an "impeachment drive" against him,[161] four websites with ties to Ahmadinejad reportedly were "filtered and blocked",[156] and several people "said to be close" to the president and Mashaei (such as Abbas Amirifar and Mohammed Sharif Malekzadeh) were arrested on charges of being "magicians" and invoking djinns. Khamenei has been head of the servants of Astan Quds Razavi since 14 April 1979. "[76] But lacking Khomeini's charisma and clerical standing, he has developed personal networks, first inside the armed forces, and then among the clerics, while administering the major bonyads and seminaries of Qom and Mashhad. They [the West] must be answerable [not Islam]. [93], Khamenei officially succeeded Ruhollah Khomeini after Khomeini's death, being elected as the new Supreme Leader by the Assembly of Experts on 4 June 1989. But the reality is that homosexuality has become a serious challenge, pain and unsolvable problem for the intellectuals in the west."[286]. Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei is a Twelver Shia Marja' and the second and current supreme leader of Iran, in office since 1989. "History of Iran: Iran after the victory of 1979's Revolution", "Israel fails to prevent Germany freeing Iranian", "German court implicates Iran leaders in '92 killings", "Germany Deports Iranian jailed for 1992 murders", "Iran: Terrorist Freed in Germany Is Welcomed By Tehran", Iranian lawmakers warn Ahmadinejad to accept intelligence chief as political feud deepens, "Middle East – Iranian vice-president 'sacked, "Iran's Rouhani warned against opposing supreme leader – World Bulletin", "Witnesses narrate the attempt of Rafsanjani to pass the suggestion of 'leadership council, "Why are the attacks are towards the leadership? [285], Khamenei argues that "Today, homosexuality is a major problem in the western world. Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei gave his annual Nowruz speech yesterday, highlighting the important challenges for the upcoming Persian New Year. In April 2011, another Intelligence minister, Heydar Moslehi, resigned after being asked to by Ahmadinejad, but was reinstated by the supreme leader within hours. Having been Supreme Leader for three decades, Khamenei has been able to place many loyalists throughout Iran's major institutions, "building a system that serves and protects him". [200] He asserts that the United States is the main cause of insecurity in Iraq. Apart from his time in Najaf as a student, Khamenei travelled to Libya during his time as President. [225][226][227][228], In a September 2008 sermon for Friday prayers in Tehran, Khamenei stated that "it is incorrect, irrational, pointless and nonsense to say that we are friends of Israeli people",[229] because he believed that the occupation is done by the means of them.

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